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In English, the term saint is often used to translate this idea from many world religions. The Jewish hasid or tsaddiq , the Islamic qidees , the Zoroastrian fravashi , the Hindu rsi or guru, the Buddhist arahant or bodhisattva, the Daoist shengren, the Shinto kami, and others have all been referred to as saints.
They are worshiped in churches where they appear as saints and in religious festivals, where they appear as the deities.
Buddhists in both the Theravada and Mahayana traditions hold the Arhats in special esteem, as well as highly developed Bodhisattvas.
Tibetan Buddhists hold the tulkus reincarnates of deceased eminent practitioners as living saints on earth.
Hindu saints are those recognized by Hindus as showing a great degree of holiness and sanctity. Hinduism has a long tradition of stories and poetry about saints.
There is no formal canonization process in Hinduism, but over time, many men and women have reached the status of saints among their followers and among Hindus in general.
Unlike in Christianity, Hinduism does not canonize people as saints after death, but they can be accepted as saints during their lifetime. Some Hindu saints are given god-like status, being seen as incarnations of Vishnu , Shiva , Devi , and other aspects of the Divine—this can happen during their lifetimes, or sometimes many years after their deaths.
This explains another common name for Hindu saints: godmen. Islam has had a rich history of veneration of saints often called wali , which literally means "Friend [of God]" ,  which has declined in some parts of the Islamic world in the twentieth century due to the influence of the various streams of Salafism.
In Sunni Islam , the veneration of saints became a very common form of devotion early on,  and saints came to be defined in the eighth-century as a group of "special people chosen by God and endowed with exceptional gifts, such as the ability to work miracles.
The Quran has pointed to it in different places, and the sayings of the Prophet have mentioned it, and whoever denies the miraculous power of saints are innovators or following innovators.
Veneration of saints eventually became one of the most widespread Sunni practices for more than a millennium, before it was opposed in the twentieth century by the Salafi movement , whose various streams regard it as "being both un-Islamic and backwards As Christopher Taylor has remarked: "[Throughout Islamic history] a vital dimension of Islamic piety was the veneration of Muslim saints….
The term Tzadik "righteous" , and its associated meanings, developed in rabbinic thought from its Talmudic contrast with Hasid "pious" , to its exploration in ethical literature , and its esoteric spiritualisation in Kabbalah.
In Hasidic Judaism , the institution of the Tzadik assumed central importance, combining former elite mysticism with social movement for the first time.
The concept of sant or bhagat is found in North Indian religious thought including Sikhism , most notably in the Guru Granth Sahib.
The term Sant is applied in the Sikh and related communities to beings that have attained enlightenment through God realization and spiritual union with God via repeatedly reciting the name of God Naam Japo.
Countless names of God exist. In Sikhism, Naam spiritual internalization of God's name is commonly attained through the name of Waheguru , which translates to "Wondrous Guru".
Sants grace the Sadh Sangat with knowledge of the Divine God, and how to take greater steps towards obtaining spiritual enlightenment through Naam.
Gurus are the physical incarnation of God upon Earth. Sikhism states however, that any beings that have become one with God are considered synonymous with God.
As such, the fully realized Sant, Guru, and God are considered one. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Saint disambiguation.
One who has been recognized for having an exceptional degree of holiness, sanctity, and virtue. Saints of the Catholic Church. Gabriel Michael Raphael.
Matthew Mark Luke John. Further information: Glorification. Main article: Saints in Anglicanism. Further information: Saints in Methodism.
See also: Afro-American religion. See also: Bodhisattva and Arhat. Main article: Hindu saints. Main article: Wali. Main article: Tzadik. See also: Sant religion.
Saints portal. Making Saints. Among other Christian churches, the Russian Orthodox retains a vigorous devotion to the saints, especially the early church fathers and martyrs.
On rare occasions, new names usually monks or bishops are grafted onto their traditional list of saints Something like the cult continues among Anglicans and Lutherans, who maintain feast days and calendars of saints.
But while the Anglicans have no mechanism for recognizing new saints, the Lutherans from time to time do informally recommend new names Da Hammarskjold, Dietrick Bonhoeffer, and Pope John XXIII are recent additions for thanksgiving and remembrance by the faithful.
The saint, then, is a familiar figure in all world religions. But only the Roman Catholic Church has a formal, continuous, and highly rationalized process for 'making' saints.
Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. Retrieved 7 May Thomson Gale Encyclopedia of Religion 2nd ed.
Historians of religion have liberated the category of sainthood from its narrower Christian associations and have employed the term in a more general way to refer to the state of special holiness that many religions attribute to certain people.
The Jewish hasid or tsaddiq , the Muslim waliy , the Zoroastrian fravashi , the Hindu rsi or guru, the Buddhist arahant or bodhisattva, the Daoist shengren, the Shinto kami and others have all been referred to as saints.
Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 January Good men become good and beneficial kamis, bad men become pernicious ones.
Being elevated to the status of a divine being is not a privilege peculiar to those with saintly qualities, for evil men also become kamis.
Saint Veneration Among the Jews in Morocco. Wayne State University Press. Retrieved 7 September Veneration of saints is a universal phenomenon.
All monotheistic and polytheistic creeds contain something of its religious dimension Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 16 November Saints and Virtues.
Berkeley: University of California Press , Holy See. Retrieved 4 May A 5-Step Process". Retrieved 23 September Retrieved 12 October Anthony Messenger Press, , xvi.
New Cambridge Medieval History: c. Retrieved 23 May CBS News. Bicknell writes, invocation may mean either of two things: the simple request to a saint for his prayers intercession , 'ora pro nobis,' or a request for some particular benefit.
Kolb, R. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, Methodist Church in Britain. Retrieved 15 June Retrieved 25 December Archived from the original on 17 August Thomson Gale Encyclopedia of Religion in Tajik.
Sainthood Second ed. Macmillan Reference USA. The Essentials of Hinduism. Contemporary Hinduism: Ritual, Culture, and Practice. Retrieved 3 June Woodward 10 July Beyer, Jürgen, et al.
Confessional sanctity c. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern, Bruhn, Siglind. Hillsdale, New York: Pendragon Press, Cunningham, Lawrence S. The Meaning of Saints.
Hawley, John Stratton, ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, Hein, David. Sewanee Theological Review 49 : — Jean-Luc Deuffic ed.
Ordinary Suffering of Extraordinary Saints , Perham, Michael. The Communion of Saints. Woodward, Kenneth L. Jehovah's Witnesses Latter Day Saint movement.
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NOUN 1. NOUN 2. Saint Saints. Saint Petersburgian. Saint Adalbert. Saint Athanasius. Saint Benedict.
Saint Birgitta. Saint Blaise. Saint Bonaventure. Saint Clare. Saint Dominic. Saint Elmo.